[1]傅白白,*,高歌,等.基于用户均衡的无车区行人疏散路径最优选择[J].山东建筑大学学报,2020,(02):17-22.[doi:10.12077/sdjz.2020.02.003]
 FU Baibai,*,GAO Ge,et al.Pedestrian evacuation route optimization in car-free zonebased on user equilibrium theory[J].Journal of Shandong jianzhu university,2020,(02):17-22.[doi:10.12077/sdjz.2020.02.003]
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基于用户均衡的无车区行人疏散路径最优选择()
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《山东建筑大学学报》[ISSN:1673-7644/CN:37-1449/TU]

卷:
期数:
2020年02期
页码:
17-22
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2020-04-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
Pedestrian evacuation route optimization in car-free zonebased on user equilibrium theory
文章编号:
1673-7644(2020)02-0017-06
作者:
傅白白12*高歌3李树彬4
(1.山东建筑大学 建筑城规学院,山东 济南 250101;2.建筑与城乡空间设计数字仿真山东省高校重点实验室,山东 济南 250101;3.山东建筑大学 交通工程学院,山东 济南 250101;4.山东警察学院 交通管理工程系,山东 济南 250014)
Author(s):
FU Baibai12*GAO Ge3LI Shubin4
( 1. School of Architecture and Urban Planning, Shandong Jianzhu University, Jinan 250101, China; 2. Key Laboratory of Digital Simulation in Architecture and Urban-Rural Spatial Design in Universities of Shandong, Jinan 250101, China; 3. School of Transportation Engineering, Shandong Jianzhu University, Jinan 250101,China; 4. Department of Traffic Management Engineering, Shandong Police College, Jinan 250014, China )
关键词:
无车区行人疏散路径优化用户均衡
Keywords:
car-free zone pedestrian evacuation route optimization user equilibrium
分类号:
U491.1
DOI:
10.12077/sdjz.2020.02.003
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
疏散路径优化是解决无车区行人疏散问题的有效途径,其方案设计可为无车区行人疏散提供参考依据。文章针对无车区域的行人疏散效率和安全,从路网特性和行人特性两方面对无车区域行人疏散特性进行分析,考虑到无车区域内拥挤现象,提出一种用户均衡与元胞自动机结合的无车区行人疏散路径最优选择方法,并进行算例分析。结果表明:提出的方法符合无车区行人疏散特性,可促进疏散资源均衡利用;与传统最短路法相比,疏散路径优化后行人疏散时间缩短了66.82%,路网利用率从39.97%提高到79.76%。
Abstract:
The optimization of evacuation path is an effective way to solve the problem of pedestrian evacuation in car-free zone, and its scheme design can provide reference for pedestrian evacuation in car-free zone. Aiming at the efficiency and safety of pedestrian evacuation in the car-free zone, this paper analyzes the characteristics of pedestrian evacuation in car-free zone from two aspects of road network characteristics and traits of crowd evacuation. Considering the situation of blockages or high congestion in car-free zone, the method of pedestrian evacuation route optimization in car-free zone based on user equilibrium and cellular automata was put forward. An example was given to validate the correctness of the method. The results show that the method presented in this paper conforms to the characteristics of pedestrian evacuation in car-free zone and can promote the balanced utilization of evacuation resources.Compared with the traditional shortest circuit method, the pedestrian evacuation time is shortened by 66.82% after the evacuation path optimization, and the utilization rate of the road network is increased from 39.97% to 79.76%.

参考文献/References:

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2020-3-23 基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(71871130);山东省高校科研计划项目(J17KA211)作者简介:傅白白(1961-),女,教授,博士,主要从事城市交通规划理论与方法等方面的研究. E-mail:fubaibai@163.com[*通讯作者]
更新日期/Last Update: 2020-05-20