[1]邢丽贞*,程成,孔进.亚硝酸盐氧化菌及其生态位的研究进展[J].山东建筑大学学报,2019,34(03):62-67.[doi:10.12077/sdjz.2019.03.010]
 XING Lizhen*,CHENG Cheng,KONG Jin.Research progress of nitrite-oxidizing bacteria and their niches[J].Journal of Shandong jianzhu university,2019,34(03):62-67.[doi:10.12077/sdjz.2019.03.010]
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亚硝酸盐氧化菌及其生态位的研究进展()
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《山东建筑大学学报》[ISSN:1673-7644/CN:37-1449/TU]

卷:
34
期数:
2019年03期
页码:
62-67
栏目:
综合述评
出版日期:
2019-06-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
Research progress of nitrite-oxidizing bacteria and their niches
文章编号:
1673-7644(2019)03-0062-06
作者:
邢丽贞*程成孔进
(山东建筑大学 市政与环境工程学院,山东 济南 250101)
Author(s):
XING Lizhen*CHENG ChengKONG Jin
(School of Municipal and Environmental Engineering,Shandong Jianzhu University,Jinan 250101,China)
关键词:
亚硝酸盐氧化菌生态位代谢方式种间关系全程硝化菌
Keywords:
nitrite-oxidizing bacteria niche metabolism inter-species relationship Commmox
分类号:
X172
DOI:
10.12077/sdjz.2019.03.010
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
亚硝酸盐氧化菌(NOB)是氮素转化中重要的一环,对其分类及生态位进行研究,有利于深入了解其生存竞争力和环境适应能力,充分发挥NOB在污水处理领域中的作用。文章阐述了已知NOB的种类及分布,剖析了反应过程中的关键酶NXR,探讨了其不同的代谢方式及其与其他微生物间多样的种间关系,介绍了近年来硝化螺旋菌属中发现的全程硝化菌的研究进展及其对于NOB生态位多样性以及环境适应性的意义,对其研究方向和生态潜力进行了展望。
Abstract:
Nitrite oxidizing bacteria (NOB) is an important part of nitrogen conversion. The research on the classification and niche of NOB is beneficial to understand its survival competitiveness and environmental adaptability, and gives full play to the role of NOB in wastewater treatment. The phyla, genera and their distribution of known NOB are elucidated. The key enzyme nitrite oxidoreductase (NXR) in the nitrite oxidation and nitrate reduction are reviewed. The diversity of NOB metabolisms and their inter-species relationships with other microorganisms are discussed. The research progress of NOB in recent years, especially the complete ammonia oxidizer (Comammox) found in Nitrospira, is described. The new research results have important significance for the niche diversity of NOB and its environmental adaptability, and the research direction and potential of NOB are prospected.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2019-04-06作者简介:邢丽贞(1966-),女,教授,博士,主要从事水处理技术等方面的研究. E-mail:XLZ@sdjzu.edu.cn[*通讯作者]
更新日期/Last Update: 2019-06-24